Recent post

Archive for August 2016

Hatohobei, commonly referred to as "Tobi", is located some 450 KM southwest of Angaur. Hatohobei State which includes Tobi island and Helen Reef, covers a combined area of approximately 630 square meters. Like Sonsorol people, Tobi's people are culturally and physically different than the other people of Palau. The island is miniature platforms of raised reef composed of coral-line limestone and have sandy soil and beaches. Tobi Island is only a few feet above the sea level, with a depressed swampy interior (the result of Phosphate mining during the Japanese administration) and coconut palms lining the beaches. Like sonsorol, the primary industry is Copra Production.
Today, the island are largely uninhabited as most of the population (as with the people from Sonsorol) migrated to Koror or Ngerekebesang island in the State of Koror. Even so, the natives retain a strong sense of cultural pride in their heritage and a firm commitment to their islands.
Like the people of the Sonsorol state, Hatohobei people share cultural heritage that shows close ties with people of central Caroline Islands. The migration of these people to Tobi is considered a truly remarkable event in the prehistory of the Pacific.

Registered Sites:

  • Iporu (Menstrual Hut); 
  • Ferehuheh (Still-born babies burial site); 
  • Bonuyong (Rruul er a rechad ra Siabal, WWII);
  • Matahong (Blirir a Rsoldau, WWII); 
  • Japanese Pier/ Hatoba (Underwater Pier); 
  • Helen Reef
  • Helen Reef.

Hatohobei State and its Importance to Visitors

Sonsorol state is located some 250 to 350 kilometers southwest of Angaur. These small outer islands, totaling some 3 square kilometer in combined area, include Sonsorol, Pulo Anna and Merir. The people of these islands are both physically and culturally different from the rest of the population of Palau. The islands are miniature platforms of raised reef composed of coral-line limestone and have sandy soils covered by a sparse forest and brush. The islands are only a few feet above sea level, and have depressed, swampy interiors. Coconut palms lines the beaches and are also primary resource for the only industry on the islands: copra production.
Today, the islands are largely uninhabited as most of the native population lives in Koror or on Ngerekebesang island in Koror State. Even so, Sonsorol people retain a strong sense of cultural pride in their heritage and a firm commitment to their islands.
It is believed that the people of Sonsorol state migrated there from the other Caroline Islands, an island group more than 1000 km to the northeast on the other side of Palau. This migration is in itself considered a truly remarkable event in the prehistory of the Pacific.

Registered Sites:

  • Ringal, Bul (Traditional Village); 
  • Mle Euotelir a Rsoldau er a Siabal Japanese Defensive Complex, WWII)

Sonsorol State and its Importance to Visitors

Kayangel, a small atoll located at the northern end of the archipelago, has a total combined area of approximately 1.78 square kilometers. The atoll consists of four small islands, lying mostly on the east side of the small atoll's lagoon. Ngcheangel village is divided into two halves; Dilong to the north and Dimes to the south, and is located on the center of the largest island by the same name. The terrain is just a few feet above sea level, surrounded by sandy beaches, and covered with the forest of coconut palms. Fresh water is obtained from a number of underground wells.
People from Kayangel are said to have played important roles in late prehistoric migrations to the other islands in the archipelago.
Visitors to Kayangel will find superb diving and fishing, along with unlimited hospitality. However, it is highly recommended that arrangements to visit made well in advance. Presently, Kayangel has limited tourism capability with equally limited overnight tourist facilities.
Registered Sites:

  • Bai er a Ngerbesang, Ngerdilong (Bai/ Stone Platform); 
  • Meduu el Bai, Ngerdilong (Bai/ Stone Platform); 
  • Diong er a Orekul, Ngerdilong (Bathing Pool); 
  • Diong er a Olekang, Ngerdimes (Bathing Pool); 
  • Bai er a Ngeruror, Ngerdimes (Bai/ Stone Platform); 
  • Diong er a Dokou, Ngerdilong (Bathing Pool); 
  • Mlil a Renguuldebuul, Ullebongel (Stone Features); 
  • Diong er a Ermang (Bathing Pool).

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:

  • Meduu el Bai; 
  • Ngeruangel Conservation Area

Kayangel State and its Importance to Visitors

Peleliu, like Angaur, is a raised platform coralline island. Located at the southern tip of the lagoon encircling the main group of islands, It is sorrounded by the thick fringe fo mangrove forest and has the to
tal area of the approximately 19 square kilometers. On the island's west side is Bloody Nose Ridge, so named during the battle for Peleliu in World War II. Bloody Nose Ridge, rising to an elevation of 75 meters, is the largest vantage point on the island, and visitors can take advantage of the well maintained steps leading to the memorial on top. Much of Peleliu is covered by a limestone island forest with ares of Casuarina forest along sandy beaches. Phosphate mining in the Bloody Nose Ridge area of peleliu began during the German administration and continued into the Japanese regime. The small harbor facility located at the northern end of the island was used to load the phosphate onto ships.
Peleliu was dramatically reshaped by WWII. In preparation for the anticipated American invasion, Japanese defenders transformed the island into the defensive fortress. The build-up, underway by 1943, began with the evacuation of Palauans from the island to Babeldaob. As many as 10,000 Japanese defenders dug into the natural caves and fissures of the coral-line limestone formation, reinforcing these position with concrete bunkers. So well established were the defenders that they withstood a massive naval bombardment and met the American invasion force at nearly full strength on September 5, 1944. The Battle for Peleliu, which is hindsight proved to have been a costly miscalculation by American forces, lasted for a weeks with a terrible cost of lives on both sides.
Peleliu is a great place to enjoy natural island beauty, superb diving, fishing, camping and museum packed with WWII memorabilia. There are several guesthouses and inns where travelers can stay and eat at a reasonable price. Diving and tour guide services are also available. Many of the inns and tour providers also offer transportation services to and from Koror. For the more adventurous, the Peleliu state boat travels between Koror and Peleliu a couple of times a week.

Registered Sites:

  • Taoch er a Ngebungel, Ngesias (Dock); 
  • Ii er a Irur, Ngesias (Cave); 
  • Puleliu Shell Midden/ Uchul a Rois Chemiangel, Ngerdelolk (Shell Midden); 
  • Beluu er a Chol, Ngerchol (Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Ngetengchau, Ngerdelolk (Traditional Village); 
  • Peleliu Battlefield (WWII, 7680 acers).

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:

  • Bloddy Nose Ridge Lookout; 
  • War Monuments; war Meseum; 
  • Most of the War Era Equipment laying throughout the Island (i.e. Tanks, Plane, Pillboxes, building remains etc); 
  • Ngermelt Natural Water Hole. 

Peleliu State and its Importance to Visitors

Angaur is a small coral-line Island located so 10 km southwest of Peleliu Island, at the southern most tip of the main group of islands in the Palau Archipelago. The island, approximately 8 square kilometers in size, is a raised platform type island lacking a protective reef. Angaur's steep shoreline cliffs are continuously pounded by large waves, creating a spectacular sight. The highest point on the island is only 40 meters above the sea level, with the most of its land being only 10. Angaur's terrain is very rugged with marshy swamps across the landscape. For centuries, large numbers of birds used Angaur as a nesting ground. Their droppings eventually became large phosphate deposits which led to the beginning of the mining of phosphate in the early part of the 20th century by the German Administration.
The mines, located along the east coast, continued operations through the American Administration which finally ceased operation during the 1950s. The mined phosphate was initially processed and loaded on the ships at a small harbor on the west side of the Island. This small natural harbor was expended and a lighthouse later built. The abandoned remains of the lighthouse can still be seen on the high ground to the northwest of the harbor.
Angaur's inhabited settlements are concentrated on the west coast, south of the harbor. There, the villages of Rois and Ngaramasch are interconnected by a network of roads. Secondary roads span out across the island and almost encircle it. On the east side of the island is a landing strip constructed during the Japanese administration. Although unimproved, the 6600 foot runway is still used by a small aircraft providing service between Koror and Angaur. It is believed that the presence of this runway played an important role in the decision by the American forces to take Angaur along with Peleliu during World War II. Due to there being less defensive forces on Angaur, the Island received much less shelling before the invasion, and avoided the tragic loss of life as witnessed in Peleliu. Most of Angaur is covered with a mixed forest which includes several small stands of ironwood trees.
In the oral tradition of Palau, Angaur is where chuab the god of creation, was destroyed. His subsequent fall into the oceans water and projecting body parts, created the Palau Island. Angaur is considered one of the places where all Palauans migrated from, to populate the rest of Palau.
There is much for visitors to explore in Angaur. From well preserved WWII plane wrecks and historical sites to its natural beauty and quiet, lazy calm, Angaur possesses a special mystique which is sure to please everyone.

Registered Sites:

  • Metukelianges/ Melech WWII, Ngebeanged (WWII); 
  • Ngelong, Rois (Traditional Village); 
  • Olsechall er a Ruchel, Ngebeanged (Stone Platform); 
  • Olekull, Ngermasech (Historic German Remain); 
  • Diong er a Ngedloch, Ngermasech (Bathing Pool); 
  • Phospate Drying Plant, Rois (Historic Remain); 
  • Beluu er a Ngetelklou, Ngebeanged (Traditional Village).

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:

  • Melech WWII site with monument; Ngelong and Beluu er a Ngetelklou Traditional Village; 
  • Diong er a Ngedloch bathing poll; 
  • Phosphate Drying Plant; 
  • Olsechall er a Ruchel stone platform; 
  • Olekull Cemetary (German Historical Remain).

Angaur State and its Importance to Visitors

Covering the land area just over 17 square kilometers in size, Ngiwal is the second smallest state. Ngiwal extends from the coast to the central divide. It is bordered by the lagoon on the east, Melekeok on the south, Ngaraad on the north and Ngardmau on the west. Ngiwal's terrain includes a broad, sandy plain along the coast, and forested hills towards the interior. The modern village of Ngiwal is located on the board section of a coastal plain north of the point known as Bkulatabriual and comprises the traditionalvillages of Ngermechu (South) and Ngercheluuk. It is believed that these traditional villages were relocated to the coast, from their positions on the lower slopes of the coastal ridge in the mid-nineteenth century.
Registered Sites:

  • Beluu er a Ngercheluuk (Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Ngermechau (Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Ngersngai (Traditional Village); 
  • Bukl er a kuei, Ked er a Delobech (Terrace Set); 
  • Bai er a Olilai (Bai Stone Platform); 
  • Bai er a Ngis, Ngis (Bai Stone Platform)

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:

  • Ngiwal Dock; 
  • Ngirngmelas Squares

Ngiwal State and its Importance to Visitors

Ngaremlengui, possessing the largest land area with over 68 square kilometers, is the largest state in the Palauan archipelago. It is located on the north-central west coast and is bordered by five states: Ngatpang on the south, Ngardmau on the north, Ngiwal on the northeast, Melekeok on the east and Ngchesar on the southeast.
Ngaremlengui terrain is varied in its make up and includes: some of the highest hills in Palau including Badechemetel along the west coast between the inlet to Ngeremeduu Bay and Chomet ubet River; the Ngermeskang River, the longest in Palau, in the south; rolling hills, with elevations of 250 meters, near the border with Ngardmau; heavy fringes of mangrove swamp forest along the Ngermeskang and Ngerbechederngul rivers in the northeast corner of Ngeremeduu Bay and along the northern coast; and large area of savanna with patches of forest which cover most of the interior or the state.
Inhabitated villages includes: Ngermetengel, located on the northern side of Chometubet; Imeong, located a short distance to the northeast on the Imeong River; and Ngchemesed, on the north shore of Ngeremeduu Bay.
With over 40 traditional village sites, Ngaremlengui clearly played an important part in Palau's past. In the oral history of Palau, Ngaremlengui is said to be one of the four children of Milad and one of the four cornerposts of Palauan society. It is also said that Milad gave birth to the children of Roismlengui, therefore the terrain feature holds an important place in Palauan mythology and is closely connected with traditional religious beliefs.
The Uluang Terraces are considered to be the most important archaeological site in Ngaremlengui. Ngaremlengui also holds what is reported to be the largest of the Japanese colonial era plantations, Ngermeskang Plantation. A substantial number of structural remains are still present at this site, along with a monument which overlook the old factory area.
Registered Sites:

  • Beluu er a Uluang (Traditional Village); 
  • Diong er Imeched, Ngerutechei (Bathing Area); 
  • Uchul a Rebong Ngerutechei (Stone Platform); 
  • Bai er a Ibangellei, Ngerutechei; 
  • Olekull er a Ruchel, Ngerutechei (Stone Platform); 
  • Li er a Ngebesek, Ngeruuchel (Milad's Cave); 
  • Hodai, Blil a Boes (WWII); 
  • Beluu er a Ngesisech (Traditional Village); 
  • Oublallang (el ngar er ngii a Chesuch el Bad) (Terrace/ Monoliths); 
  • Bukl er a Olbatel me a Odesongel er a Blai er a Olbatel (Terrace Set/ Traditional Cemetery); 
  • Asahi Plantation (Koba); 
  • Klikm er a Ichaderuolu (Stone Face).

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:

  • Ii er a Ngebesek (Milad's Cave); 
  • Ngeruuchel; 
  • Uluang Terraces; 
  • Ngermetengel.

Ngaremlengui State and its Importance to Visitors

Ngchesar, on the south central east coast of Babeldaob Island between Memekeok and Airai, extends from the coast to the central divide. It covers an area of 41 square kilometers and includes a thick fringe of mangroves swamp forests parallel to the coast; short, steep ridges extending like fingers from short ridges that run parallel to the coast; and coconut plain and ridge. Towards the west of the coastal ridge is the large central valley of the Ngerdorch River. There, an open forest lines the east side of the valley with rolling hills covered by sparse vegetation on the west. The flanks of the central divide are covered with open forest.
Ngerngesang Terraces in Ngchesar are considered to be one of Palau's best examples of terracing. The terraces, with radiocarbon dating reaching as far back as A.D. 491 and A.D. 1150, establish the antiquity of terracing in Palau.
Registered Sites:

  • Beluu er a Tmachel (Traditional Village); 
  • Chelsel a Mechut el beluu er a Ngchesar (Traditional Village); 
  • Oublallang el Bukl er a Ngerengesang (Terrace Set); 
  • Etoilechang me a Kliis (Dock); 
  • Beluu er a Ngeruikl (Traditional Village); 
  • Iliud er a Mesiual (Stone Platform); 
  • Ked ra Kaliol, Ked ra Ngchebakl (WWII anti-aircraft Gun); 
  • Boes er a Mekemad (WWII Japanese Defence Position); 
  • Beluu er a Ngerbekll (Traditional Village)

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:

  • Ngchesar State waterfall; 
  • Kabekel War Canoe; 
  • Jungle River Cruise; 
  • Beluu er a Tmachel 
  • Chelsel a Mechut el Beluu er a Ngchesar traditional villages.

Ngchesar State and its Importance to Visitors

Located on the central west coast, just southeast of Ngeremeduu Bay, Ngatpang State covers an area towards the interior totaling some 40 square kilometers. Ngatpang's terrain is varied. It includes rugged, steep slopes covering with thick forest of mangroves along the west coast, and the rolling hills covered with upland type forests or grass in the interior. Ngatpang shares borders with Ngaremelengui to the north, Aimeliik to the southwest, Ngchesar to the east and Airai to the southeast.
The traditional village of Ngerdubech, which plays a major role in the oral history of Palau, was directly involved in the creation of the Islands. It is said that following the destruction of the creator god Chuab, his body parts projecting from the water became Palau's Islands. That it was from this village that the gods were sent down and that the god Milad emerged to give birth to four children. The four children of Milad were said to be Ngaremlengui, Melekeok, Koror and Aimeliik forming the four corner posts of Palauan Society.

Registered Site:

  • Ngerebadelmangel (Stone Feature); 
  • Beluu er a Ngimis (Traditional Village); 
  • Ngersois (bathinh Pool); Beluu er a Ngerdubech (Traditional Village); 
  • Bukl er a Ngermelkii (Terrace Set); 
  • Beluu er a Ngerumlol (Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Ngermedangeb (Terrace Set); 
  • Iliud er a Ngeruchob (Stone Platform); 
  • Iliud er a Ikerbeluu (Stone Platform); 
  • Sidang Sireib/ Sidang Shireib (WWII); 
  • Kokusai (Historic Remain); 
  • Ngerasech (Historic Remain); 
  • Oblallang er Bukl er a Ked er a Ngebuuch (Terrace Set).

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:
Aquaculture Farm

Japan Memorial Monument

Ngatpang Waterfall

Ngatpang State and its Attraction to Visitors

On the northern coast of Babeldaob, bordered on the south by Ngaremlengui and on the east by Ngiwal and Ngaraard, Ngardmau is 30 square kilometer in size. The terrain includes: a thick fringe of mangroves along the coast; rolling hills in the interior rising to some of Palau's highest points; forests in the upper hillsides of the interior; and the Diongradid River Waterfall, Palau's tallest.
The village of Mgerdmau lies along the northern end of the state and consists of three traditional hamlets: Urdmang, Ngerutoi and Ngetbong. Traditional boat docks are found along the north coast, and a modern jetty extends west into the lagoon from the west end of Telong Hill. A road along the north side of the river connects the villages, while traditional paths extend outward to Ngaraard, Ngiwal, Melekeok and Ngaremlengui.
Bauxite mining operations took place in Ngardmau during the Japanese administration. Mining opertaion began in the mid 1930's and lasted until the early 1940's. The large tractsof land that were strip mined for bauxite ore, then transported by trucks and rail to the processing plant on the hill south of Ngardmau village can still be seen. At the processing plant, the ore was washed to remove soil, and then lifted to the loading tower on the jetty by gondola cars on an eleveted tram. A long jetty was constructed west of Telong Hill, extending out into the lagoon to load the ore for transshipment. The raw ore was then shipped to Japan's aluminium manufacturing centers.
Registered Sites:

  • Ikeam el Diong (Water Well); 
  • Li er a Ngerchab (Cave); 
  • Olketokel er a Udoud el Bad (Stone Feature); 
  • Orsachel er a Dub (Stone Feature); 
  • Beluu er a Ngerutoi (Traditional Village); 
  • Edub er a lelech (Dock); 
  • Lelengiis a idudes er ngii, Ked er a Ngerchetang (Historic Remain); 
  • Lulengiis a idudes er ngii, Temekai el ked (terrace);
  • Beluu er a Ngerdau (Traditional Village); 
  • Rolel a Kisha el Kaiser me a Lakemotib (historic railway Track); 
  • Japanese Dam; 
  • Iliud er a Olngebard Ked er a Olngebard (Stone Feature); 
  • Oublallang el Bukl er a Ngetilai, Ngetilai (Terrace); 
  • Boes ra Makemad (WWII Coastal Defence Gun); 
  • Bosir a Rsoldau er a Siabal (WWII Anti Aircraft Gun).

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:
 Bauxite Mining Ruins

Eco theme Park which includes a well-maintained trail

Zip line and Cabel car to Ngardmau Waterfall

Ngerdmau State and its Attractions to Visitors

Ngarchelong is situated on the northern tip of Babeldaob. The land has low rollowing hills and is fringed by thick mangroves. It extends north from the narrowest part of the neck on Babeldaob where it borders Ngaraard. Lower hillsides are generally covered with a lowland forest. Some of the higher hills at the north end of the state are forested, though much of the land is covered with grass and low vegetation.
Ngarchelong includes two small Islands, Ngerkeklau and Ngerchur, located one and two kilometer north of Babeldaob. Badrulchau Stone Monoliths, dating far back as A.D. 161 is concerned Palau's premier archaeological Site.

Registered Sites:

  • Badrulchau, Ngerulechau (Badrulchau Stone Monoliths); 
  • Euatel er a Ngerbau (Fortress); 
  • Bia er a Mengellang (Bai/ Stone Platform); 
  • Btelul a Chang er a Ngerbau (dock); 
  • Oreor el Bad, Mengellang (Stone Platform); 
  • Beluu er a Ngermetong (Traditional Village); 
  • Tet el Bad, Ollei (Stone Sarcophagus); 
  • Bisecherad, Mengellang (Terraces); 
  • Todai er a Eleos/ Taem er a Saibal (WWII); 
  • Beluu er a Ngriil (Traditional Village); 
  • Kukau el Bad (Monoliths); 
  • Diong er a Tuluat me a Cheldeklel a Rael (Pool/ Stone Path); 
  • Beluu er a Kiok (Traditional Village); 
  • Medong (Stone Feature); 
  • Mesei er a Ngerkei (Taro Patch); 
  • Raeler a Risong (Traditional Path).

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors:
Badrulchau Stone Monoliths

Todai JapaneseHistorical Site

Ngarchelong State and its attractions for visitors

Ngaraard, situated immediately below Ngarchelong state, is on the northern end of Babeldaob Island. Its other border are shared with Ngiwal to the south and Ngardmau on the southwest corner of the state. Its terrain includes dense portion of forest in the interiors' rolling hills, thick mangrove forest along the west coast, and sandy coastal plains along the east coast. Ngaraard's villages include: Ngebuked, Ulimang, Ngesang and chelab which form a cluster about the middle of the state; Chol located on the northern end; and Ngkeklau at the southern end of the state.
A system of well preserved pathways extend from Ulimang through Ngebuked and Chelab to Ngesang. There are also many stone features found in the area of Ngebuked, Ulimang and Chelab. In many places along the paths there are stone cap bridges crossing small streams. There are numerous traditional village site containing interesting stone platforms and pathways to explore. Ngaraard's Bethania All girls School is located in Ngesang.

Registered Sites:

  • Beluu er a Elab (Elab Traditional Village); 
  • Chetoikechang, Ngkeklau (Stone Feature); 
  • Bai er a Ngeruau ma a Chelsel a Beluu er a Ngebuked (Traditional Village); 
  • Ngerchoki, Ngebuked (Stone Feature); 
  • Imeduurang, Ngeribkang (Bathing Pool); 
  • Beluu er a Ngkeklau/Ngotel, Ngkeklau (Traditional Village); 
  • Ked ra Malk, Ngebuked (Stone Feature); 
  • Blotk el Llecheklel a Chad el ngar er a Bad, Olebakelderau (stone Feature Petroglyph); 
  • Beluu er a Desengong (Traditional Village); 
  • Omkuul, Choll (Stone Platform); 
  • Tangelbad, Choll (Landmark).

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors
Beluu er a Elab



Ngaraard State and its Attraction for visitors

Melekeok, located on the central east coast of Babeldaob, covers some 25 square kilometers. It includes long stretches of sandy beaches, lined with coconut palms; Lake Ngardok, the largest fresh water lake in Palau; Swampy marshes and steep, rolling hills covered with sparse vegetation in the interior; thick forests along the east flanks of the central divide; and a thin fringe of mangroves along the northern and southern stretches of coast.
Melekeok extends from the lagoon on the east coast to the central divide in the interior of Babeldaob. It is bounded by Ngiwal on the north, Ngchesar on the south and Ngaremlengui to the west.
The four inhabited villages of Ngerubesang, Ngerang, Ngermelech and Ngeruliang are connected by a paved road parallel to the coast. The Compact Road connects Melekeok to the rest of Babeldaob as well as Koror.
Palau national capital was relocated to Melekeok in 2007. At this time, it was believed that businesses would follow and Melekeok would soon become a bustling commercial area. However, this was not the case as most of businesses were already well established in Koror and moving was not a viable option.

Registered Sites:

  • Odalmelech, Ngermelech (Stone Face); 
  • Meteu al Klechem (Dock); 
  • Did el Bad er a Beriber (Stone Feature); 
  • Ngermecheluch (Dock); 
  • Bai Melekeong me aike el euang el Chades (Melekeok Bai/ Stone Platform);
  • Bukl er a Techobei (Terraces)

Sites which may be of particular interest of visitors
Ngermelech; Bai Melekeong me aike el Chades (Melekeok Bai / Stone Platform)

Odalmelech Stone Face

Melekeok State and it Attraction for Visitors

Located in the southernmost tip of Babeldaob, Airai includes over 55 square kilometers of land covered with forest, savanna or thick mangroves as well as several limestone rock Islands. Airai Bay, on the southeast corner is large and shallow and the Ngerimel River, which supplies water for Airai and Koror from reservoir, is located on the south central part of the state.
Airai, second in population only to Koror, shares borders with Aimeliik on the northwest, Ngatpana to its north, Ngchesar to the northeast. Airai is connected to Koror on its southern border by a bridge which span the Toach el Mid (Channel). At the base of the hills, On the Airai side of the bridge, the main road turns east and continues along the coast winding through the inhabited villages of Ngetkib, Ngeruluobel, Ngerusar, Yelch and finally Airai. At Ngerusar, the road split north past the Airport and goes west to the reservoir, or east past the Palau Mission Academy, over the Ngerikiil River and north to Oikull. A second road extends north along the coast through the Ocholochol area following the route of yet another Japanese era road.
Palau's International Airport, with its 7700 foot runway, is Palau's main link to outside world. It was started during the Japanese administration in the latter 1930's and expanded considerablyduring the US administration.
Registered Sites of Airai State:

  • Bai er a Rengar er a Irrai/Birir a re Ngarairrai (Bai Platform); 
  • Malk er Besk, Oikull (Landmark); 
  • Metuker ra Bisech, Ngerusar (Yapese Quarry Site); 
  • Beluu er a Ngerullak (Traditional Village); 
  • Chades er a Mechorei, Irrai (Stone Feature); 
  • Beluu er a Ngeruluobel/ Beluu Ruluong, Ngeruluobel (Traditional Village); 
  • Li er a Beriber me a Emaredong/Chelebacheb er a Tut, Oikull (Cave); 
  • Uet el Daob me a Uet el Chutem er a Ngederar (Yapese Quarry Site); 
  • Olekull er a Risong, Ngerream (Cave); 
  • Boi me a Cheremel elBelochel, Ngerusar (Landmark); 
  • Chelechol ra Orrak (Yapese Quarry Site/ Burial Cave); 
  • Bokungo er a Rsoldau er a Siabal (WWII); 
  • Kaigun Sho Japanese Communication Center (Historic Remains); 
  • Olekull rar Turang (Cave); 
  • Beluu er a Ngerchebukl (Traditional Village); 
  • Btelulachang er a Kemurrull me a Taoch er a Ngiteuai (Stone Path/Platform); 
  • Japanese Sea Planes (WWII); 
  • Gun Emplacement/ 75mm Canon, Japanese, Ngelung Island (WWII); 
  • Gun Emplacement/ 75 mm Japanese Coastal Defence Gun, Itemruchel Island (WWII); 
  • Beluu er a Medal (Traditional Village)

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors
Airai Bai

Chades er a Mechorei

Yapese Stone money Quarry

Kaigun Sho Japanese Communication Center

Ngerusar Village(transportation by boat required)

Airai State and its Attraction to Visitors

Aimeliik State of Palau
Aimeliik is situated on the southwest corner of Babeldaob, Encompassing 37 square kilometers of land and mangrove, Aimeliik includes low rolling hills surrending the area around Ngchemiangel Bay, as well as very steep and rugged terrain along the west coast north of Medorm Village. Inhabited villages of Aimeliik, connected through a network of road, include (along the coast, south to north): Imul, Ngerkeai, Chelechui, Ngcheiangel and Medorm. To the north, the Tabecheding River forms a boundary with Ngatpang. On the east, Aimeliik extend to the Real Kedam, the central ridge on Babeldaob. On the southeast, the boundary with Airai lies along a ridge descending west from the Babeldaob central ridge to a kilometer south of the Ngerderar River.
Large area of commercial agricultural development exist in Aimeliik. There is also the beginning of what may be regarded as Palau's first cattle ranches.

List of Registered Site in Aimeliik:

  • Debellel a Malson, Elechui (Malson's Tomb); 
  • Elderrir a Ruchub/ Rechubechub, Ngchemiangel (Stone Feature); 
  • Beluu er a Ngchemiangel (Traditional Village); 
  • Oublallang er a Ngerkelalk, Ngchemiangel (Terraces); 
  • Oublallang er a Ngebedech (Terraces); 
  • Beluu er a Ngerkeai (Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Lmuut, Ngchemiangel (Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Elechui (Traditional Village); 
  • Roismid/ Oublallang el Bukl er a Imul (Bukl er a Terei), Imul (Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Ngerkeai (Ongeruel Ngerkeai) (Traditional Village); 
  • Roiseruong (Stone Feature); 
  • Disechir ar Turang, Ngebedech (Bathing Pool); 
  • Lechaderngel (Landmark); 
  • Remiang er a Medorm (Sacred Tree)

Sites which may be of particularinterest to visitors:

  • Malsol's Tomb; 
  • Bai Rekeai (Aimeliik Bai); 
  • Terraces  

Aimeliik State and Its Attraction for visitors

  • Rois Remdiu, Ngeruktbel (Lighthouse); 
  • Blil a Chelid er a Siabal, Ngermid (historic remain); 
  • Bad er a Ngermelie, Ngermid (Mother and a child monolith); 
  • Ngesechelei a Skoki er a Siabal (historic remain); 
  • Beluu er a Rois, Ngemelis (Rock Island Traditional Village); 
  • Li er a Rois, Ngemelis (Cave); 
  • Beluu er a Ulong, Ulong Island (Rock Island Traditional Village); 
  • Li er a Ulong (Llecheklel Orachel); 
  • Ulong Island (Pictograph Cave); 
  • Mariar, Ngeruktabel (Rock Island Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Metukeruikull, Metukeruikull Island (Rock Island Traditional Village); 
  • Oublallang er a Roiskebesang, Ngerkebesang (Terrace Set); 
  • Diong er a Ngeterur, Ngerbeched (Bathing Pools); 
  • Bekeu Rebodel/Klikm er a Bekeu Rebodel, Ngerbodel (Stone Feature); 
  • Odesongel er a Ngerketiit, Ngerielb (Stone Platform); 
  • Bill a Boes er a mekemad, Omdeuaachel, Ngemelachel (WWII Bunker); 
  • Kingellel a Bilung, Uchul a Rois Melachel, Ngemelachel (Stone Platform); 
  • Tekeok-Imid, Ngermid (Stone Platform); 
  • Li er a Omis/ Omis Rock Island, Ngermid (Cave); 
  • Beluu er a Ngeremdiu, Ngeruktabel (Rock Island Traditional Village); 
  • Rael er a Siabal, Roisremiu Todai, Ngeremdiu (Historic Remain); 
  • Japanese Water Pump Station (Historic Remain); 
  • Beluu er a Ngemelis (Rock Island Traditional Village); 
  • Beluu er a Ngeanges (Rock Island Traditional Village)

Sites which may be of particular interest to visitors
Belau National Museum
Epitson Museum

Palau Aquarium

Rock Islands of Palau  

Registered Sites In Koror

Koror State, covering one of the largest areas of Palau, contains approximately 58 square kilometers of total land mass. Second only to Ngaremlengui in land mass, its borders extend from the south end of Babeldaob Island to a point just north to Peleliu Island on the south end of the lagoon. Koror state consists of hundreds of Islands of all different sizes and shapes and includes most of the world renouned Rock Island of Palau. Koror state also lays calm to the many world class dive sports. Palau is known for : Ulong Channel, Blue Corner, Big drop-off, German Channel and Ngemelis Wall, just to name few.
Koror village is the largest village in Palau, is located on the island of Koror, on the northern side of the state. Its population spills over on to the nearby islands of Ngerkebesang and Malakal, which is connected to Koror by causeways. Koror has been commercial center for over 50 years and the most of Palau's 17000 people live and work there.
Over the years, with the development of better roads including the recently completed compact road encircling Babeldaob Island, commuting to and outlaying villages, has become easier, resulting in a very gradual but contineous population decline in Koror. The construction and subsequent relocation of Palau's new capital state of Melekeok was expected to attract more businesses into Melekeok. However this has not been the case and Koror still remains Palau's commercial Center.
Palau's docking facilities are also found in Koror state on Malakal Island. Malakal Harbor, the harbor facility for Palau, is located on the west side of Malakal Island and offers a sheltered, deep-water anchorage that has been in continual use since the mid 1800's. Most all items to construction materials, comes through this dock.
Koror is the home of the clan of the Ibedul, the paramount chief of Palau. Also in the oral tradition of Palau, Koror is one of the children of Milad and thus occupies an important position in traditional beliefs.

State of Koror, Malakal and Ngarkebesang

Traditional arts were at one time crucial elements of Palauan society. Today these arts are practiced by only few. While some, to satisfy current trends and tastes, have been adapted from their original form. Yet all have their roots in the rich tapestry of Palau's unique and vibrant culture.

Basket Weaving

Household items, including sleeping mats, baskets and even the sails of long-range outrigger canoes were once woven from coconut palm leaves and the razor-shape pandanus. Adapting to current needs, women now wave bags, backpacks and other useful items decorated with variety of colorful geometric designs.

Canoe Building

In the past, the primary form of travel was by canoe as most people lived along the coast. There were canoes for every task and occasion, such as the sleek war canoe on the bulkier kaeb canoe craftsmen exist today, demonstration of this one essential craft can be seen at the Senior Citizens Center in koror.


Chants were used to retell stories of historical and ceremonial events and to parody individuals and situations. Traditionally, to criticize or ridicule someone directly was a very harsh and humiliating action that could lead to further recrimination. Thus , the high people of village would clant a song that was essentially a parody of a person or village allowing people to enjoy the message while learning an important lesson. Today, Chanting is performed on special occasions and in dance performances. Often, while requested, an elder at the Senior Citizen Center will be more than happy to demonstrate or give lessons.


Often, chants were accompanied by dance, which were performed mainly at ceremonies commemorating a day or event. Movements are fluid and unhurried. Even the Palauan cha cha and jitterbug adaptations are performed with characteristic careful movement. Several restaurants feature traditional dance performance, while more modern styles are typically seen on the dance floors at any of Palau's nightclubs.

Jewelry Craft

In order to show social status, women wore udoud money necklaces and turtle shell bracelets. Another delicately carved and shaped turtle shell ornament is a small, shallow dish called toluk. This dish is also regarded as a form of money and was paid to women for their family obligations and services. Primarily using turtle shell and seashells, craftmen carved and shaped their materials into a variety of unique items.
(Note: Items made from turtle shells are banned from entering the US and many other countries.)

Storyboard Carving

Historically, Palau was an oral society. The only exception were the tales carved and painted into the beams and gables of the Bai. Today, visitors may obtain one of these tales engraved and sometimes painted onto a piece of wood called storyboard. 

Arts of Palauans Culture

Although in recent years, Palau has adopted to an international economy, Palauans still identify with their traditional roots, traditional ceremonies including the omersurch birth ceremony, Ocheraol first-house ceremony and Kemeldiil funeral services are widely practiced and the code and beliefs adopted by Palauan forefathers are still revered today.

The most noticeable aspect of Palauan culture is the people's connection with the sea. Traditionally, it was a duty of family to go to the sea to harvest fish and battle against enemy villages. As the sea was the source of their livelihood, men develop the close relationship with the water of Palau, becoming versart in the current and the phases of the moon and the behavior of the fish they sought to put on the table.

Women generally stay on land or along the shallow reefs surrounding the island, providing the foundation for the family. Their days were largely spent tending to their homes, family and taro fields.
Palauan villages were and still are organized around 10 clans reckoned matrilineally. A council of chiefs from those ranking clans governed the village, while a parallel council of female counterparts held a significant advisory role in the division and control of land and money.
Tradition, history, lore and knowledge were passed down orally through the generations. Palauans still practice that traditional method. At the end of the day, one can often find pockets of Palauans excitingly engaged in the telling of the stories of the more recent past. 

Culture of Palau

Geographical Map of Palau
The Republic of Palau, an archipelago comprised of more than 300 islands spread over 325 miles, has a total land mass of 196 square miles. The country lies about 85 miles southwest of Guam and northeast of Philippines. Only nine of Palau's islands are inhabited. Babeldaob, the second largest landmass in Micronesia after Guam, is the largest of Palau's islands measuring approximately 21 miles long and 10 miles wide and encompasses about 78% of Palau's total land area.
Forty millions years ago during the Eocene Period, the Pacific and Philippine Plates collided causing earthquake and forming volcanoes. Eventually these volcanoes created islands. Over time, part of these islands sank while other parts rose creating lagoons and reef from areas that were once land and forming the island of Palau.
The legend of Palau's origin is as violent as its geological birth. In the beginning, gods roamed the earth. At Lukes, an area of sallow sea between Anguar and Pelellu, a giant calm gave birth to a shrimp-like creature named Latmikaik. Latmikaik gave birth to three children: Chuab, Ucherrerak and Tellebuu.
Chuab was different. He had a huge appetite. At first, the villagers kept up with his enormous appetite. Then their food became scarce and the people began to fear Chuab. Thus the village decided to destroy the giant boy with fire. As Chuab died, his body transformed into a woman. Her charred body exploded and her body parts became Palau.
Her back formed the East Coast and her front the West Coast. Chuabs head became Ngarchelong and her neck became Arrenged. The groin became Aimelik, a village where there is much rain. Chub's stomach became Ngiwal, where villagers eats 7 times a day. the abdomen became Melekeok. Chub's knees became Airai. The burned legs formed the islands of Koror, Malakal, Ngarkabesang and Ngerudabel. The Rock Island are bits and pieces of Chuab's body. Palauans link traits of villagers with body parts. When describing the shape of Palau's islands, one need only to imagine Chuab's body.
Traditional People of Palau
The origin of Palauan civilization dates as far back as 3000 BC. Palauans refer to this earliest period as the time of the gods (Taem era Chelid). Interestingly, biblical stories from the old testaments parallel Palauan legends of demi-gods as well as a great flood. Ancient ruins of stone monoliths and terraces scattered throughout Palau stand as a reminder of this mysterious past.
Melanesian and European influences can be seen in Palauan art and culture. It is believed that Palau's ancestors were seafaring
people originated from the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. More recently Spain, Germany, Japan and the United States have left their marks.

Geography and History Of Palau

The Bai
In ancient times, every village in Palau had meeting houses called Bai. There were several basic types, distinguishable by use of form of construction and quality of materials. The Bai er a Rubak, built of fine hard woods and elaborately ornamented with traditional designs and colors, was normally located in the village square serving as a community center or Bai er a Beluu. The Bai er a cheldebechel normally located at the entrance of each village, was used by the men's organization in charge of defending the village.
The Bai from front
As the most important building in the village, the Bai functioned as a meeting or council house for the governing elders where they were assigned seats along the walls, according to rank and title. There were no dividing walls, no furnishings, and only two fireplaces to break up the expenses of the hardwood floor.

Symbolic Tribute to Powerful Individuals and Groups of the Village

The four corner posts (Saus) stand for the four important clans whose leaders are the nucleus of the governing body for the village. The two doors jambs at the gable ends represent the four leading women (Ourot). The remaining posts are dedicatedto lesser clans and individuals. Those honored by the post were subject to rewards and obligations in the function of community.
The Palauan Bai is a spectacular combination of decorative art and functionality, unique and colorful. Decorative elements rarely varied. Creativity was usually in the choice of story for the pictographs. Elaborate pictographic art on the gables and tie beams in the interior, result in a vigorous, pleasing and dramatic unity. The walls, in short sections fitted into posts of the outside, are painted in solid bright yellow to enhance and contrast with the ornamented areas. All decorations are painted with earth colorsof ochre, black, white, red and yellow.
Interior of the bai
The style and technique conveys a feeling of action. From the zigzag conversation lines to the shape of the head, distroted and elogated with a bun of hair piled on the head held together with a long road (mangrove root comb). Stories were drawn and incised in flat relief and painted with the earth pigments.
Common elements found in the Bai includes the kim (the tridacna sheel), the monkey sign, Chedechuul (the god of construction) and the bat which symbolizes respect in the Bai.
Pictographs on the interior tie beams represent stories from mythology, folk history and current events. Each story, shown in the comic script style is complete on one side of the beam. The story on the first beambeing the most important

The Bai in Villages of Palau

- Copyright © Palau Hotels - Palau Resorts - G.A.U. Mechang Lagoon Resort - Best Place to stay - Koror 96940 - Powered by Resort in Palau - Designed by Koror Hotels -